William Lloyd Garrison 

William Lloyd Garrison was a famous abolitionist, renowned for his efforts to end slavery and provide women with rights equal to that of their husbands, fathers, and brothers. His paper, The Liberator was in print for over thirty years and was one of the most successful of it's kind, promoting the abolitionist and former escaped slave Frederick Douglass, southern abolitionist Angelina Grimke, and others.

See below for more information about William Lloyd Garrison.
Date of Birth and Parents:
William Lloyd Garrison was born on 12 December 1805 to Frances Lloyd and Abijah Garrison; a sea captain. However, in 1808, his father left his family to fend for themselves.

Date of Death:
William Lloyd Garrison died on 24 May 1879 from kidney disease.

Spouse and Children:
William Lloyd Garrison married Helen Benson in 1834, a woman from an abolitionist family. The two had seven children together; however, of the seven, two did not survive to adulthood.

The Liberator:
William Lloyd Garrison purchased his first paper, the Free Press in 1826, but it did not gain much success. Affiliated with Quakers, he became an abolitionist and published the first issue of his famous newspaper, The Liberator, in 1831. The South believed that William Lloyd Garrison's paper incited slave rebellion; Nat Turner's murderous rampage, though not at all condoned in The Liberator, was carried out seven months after the first issue was distributed. Aimed at the American abolitionist, The Liberator was popular in the North and even reached English speaking countries abroad, as well as the hands of Abraham Lincoln.

The American Anti-Slavery Society was formed in 1833 by abolitionists from numerous states, and William Lloyd Garrison's appeal for women to take note was not in vain; the Female Anti-Slavery Society raised funds to assist with circulation of The Liberator.

Creator of Abolitionists:
William Lloyd Garrison experienced full mob brutality in 1835 when he agreed to stand in for abolitionist George Thompson in order to give a lecture to the Boston Female Anti-Slavery Society. The mob had other ideas; William Lloyd Garrison was kicked him in the head and dragged through the streets with a rope until the sheriff arrested him, thus saving his life. It was this scene that Wendell Phillips had seen from the window of his law firm; inspiring to him to become a fellow abolitionist.

Through William Lloyd Garrison's paper, abolitionist and southern lady Angelina Grimke was quickly catapulted to fame when he published her letter without permission in The Liberator.

Suffragism:
Despite outcry amongst some of his readers, William Lloyd Garrison maintained that gender equality was as important as racial equality. Ever a champion of equal rights, when the World anti-Slavery Convention in London failed to seat the female American delegates, William Lloyd Garrison was amongst the male delegates that refused to be seated and instead accompanied the women to the spectator gallery.

Political Views and Later Life:
William Lloyd Garrison was of the opinion that the U.S Constitution promoted slavery, and therefore people should not participate in politics. Though he was not the only abolitionist to hold this view, many abolitionists believed that politics held the key to bringing the situation to a final conclusion. Frederick Douglass soon adopted this way of thinking, which caused friction in his friendship with William Lloyd Garrison.

In 1850, William Lloyd Garrison was appointed as a member of the National Women's Rights Committee. Wendell Phillips took over as the president of the Anti-Slavery Society in 1865, but William Lloyd Garrison continued in promoting rights of suffrage for African Americans and women, even becoming associate editor of the Woman's Journal and president of the American Woman Suffrage Association, in which he maintained visibility throughout the 1870s.


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